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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

SEEK, in line with its objective of enhancing human capital, has aligned itself with the Skill India Mission of the Government of India. We are a qualified and registered Training Provider to the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the flag ship project of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE), being implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is India’s largest Skill Certification Scheme to impart skilling to 10 million youth of the country with an approved budget of 12,000 crores. PMKVY is implemented by National Skills Development Corporation (NSDC) under the guidance of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). With a vision of a “Skilled India”, MSDE aims to skill India on a large scale with speed and high standards. The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.

PMKVY is being implemented through three specific models addressing different segments of the target audience -

1. Short-term training

  • The Short-Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed.
  • Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
  • Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs).
Beneficiary Unemployed Youth
Training Conducted At Authorized Training Centers Only
Authorized Centre Accredited to NSDC
Affiliated to the respective Sector Skill Council
Training Process Training Certification Employment
Instructor Certified by the respective Sector Skill Councils
Assessment NSDC / SSC Nominated 3rd party
Duration 2 to 4 months
Grant in Aid 5000/- to 21,000/-
Payout Schedule Training Start Certification Employment
30% 50% 20%
Project Implementation As per the SOP & Guidelines of PMKVY

2. Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

A huge section of India’s unorganized workforce are unskilled and semi-skilled. Most of them pick up skills and knowledge in an informal setup by observing people or working under their guidance or through complete self-learning. As a result, even though they manage to get a job and earn a decent wage or salary, they may not be able to improve their skills. This also affects their productivity and quality of output. They need access to training programs and support from their employers to skill and upskill themselves.

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a skill certification scheme from the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It aims to assess and recognize informally acquired knowledge and skills through certification, monetary reward, better employability and flexible options for higher education. Some of the main benefits of this scheme include:

Benefits for the workforce

RPL helps the workforce to explore different options in skilling and upskilling to bridge the knowledge and skill gaps.

Benefits for the industry

  • By getting the workforce certified under RPL, the industry gets the advantage of formally recognized skill levels mapped with QPs and job roles
  • Fast tracking workers through the skills recognition process
  • Reduction in costs of training
  • Efficient identification of 'skills gaps' allowing for more focused training
  • Better productivity, performance and career growth
  • Alternative routes for continuing higher education
  • Flexible training at the work premises and flexible timings

Project report has to be developed as per PMKVY guidelines and should be submitted to NSDC for approval.

Beneficiary Employed
Training Conducted At Authorized Training Centre
At the Place of Work
Special Camps
Authorized Centre Accredited to NSDC
Orientation Certification
Instructor Certified by the respective Sector Skill Councils
Assessment NSDC / SSC Nominated 3rd Party
Duration 4 days of orientation, assessment and certification
Grant in Aid to Traine 1,400/- to 1,700/-
Incentive to Beneficiary 500/- on successful certification
Project Implementation As per the SOP & Guidelines of PMKVY

3. Special Projects

  • For those skills that do not form a conventional job profiles and are not defined Qualification Packs (QPs) by the Sector Skill Councils.
  • Project report has to be developed as per PMKVY guidelines and should be submitted to NSDC for approval.

Accreditation of a Training Centre

Only an Accredited Training Centre is eligible to run this program. Centre Accreditation is a quality assurance process, under which required parameters of TCs are evaluated. The process involves a combined mechanism of self-evaluation by the TCs and an external evaluation by an Inspection Agency, to determine if the prescribed qualitative standards are met by the TC. The training centre should thus comply with the accreditation standards. It is a combination of certain parameters categorized as Part-A, which are mandatory, and Part-B standards which are the other indicators, on which the Centre shall be graded on the predefined points.

Partnering with SEEK to implement PMKVY

SEEK is a registered partner to the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and authorized to implement the project at either its own centres or franchisee centres by NSDC, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship. For more details on the process and implementation of PMKVY by partnering with SEEK, download the proposal here.

If you are interested in becoming a Training Partner to SEEK, mail us at or call us at +91 89390 73706 for details.

National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS)


1. Sharing of stipend with employers to a maximum limit of Rs. 1500 per month per apprentice

2. Sharing of Basic Training Cost with Basic Training Providers to a maximum limit of Rs. 7500 for 500 hours/ 3 months per apprentice

Eligibility and Requirements for Employers

  • Employer validation through TIN/TAN and EPFO/ESIC/LIN/ any other identifier decided by Govt.
  • Aadhar linked bank account

Eligibility and Requirements for Apprentices

Category of Apprentice Minimum Age(Years) Maximum Age(Years) Minimum Educational Qualification Aadhar Number Aadhar linked Bank Account
ITI Pass Out 14 Not Applicable As per Trade Mandatory Mandatory
Dual -Mode Trainee of ITI 14 Not Applicable As per Trade Mandatory Mandatory
PMKVY/MES Pass Out 14 Not Applicable As per Trade Mandatory Mandatory
Fresher 14 21 As per Trade Mandatory Mandatory

Eligibility and Requirements for Basic Training Providers (BTP)

  • (i) Government and Private ITI having spare seats (with in overall sanctioned seats)
  • (ii) Establishments with in-house basic training facilities
  • (iii) BTP set up/supported by industry clusters
  • (iv) Physical verification of basic training facilities by RDAT
  • (v) BTP must have Aadhar linked bank account

Current status

2.1 Only 2.30 lakh trade apprentices are undergoing apprenticeship training in 30,165 establishments throughout the country under the Apprentices Act, 1961 which is miniscule as compared to the total number of establishments in the country. Out of these, 36,000 apprentices are in Central Public Sector Undertakings/Central Government and 1.94 lakh apprentices are in State Public Sector Undertaking/State Government Departments and Private Sector.

Scope of the Scheme

This scheme shall cover all categories of apprentices, which are not covered under National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS) administered by Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Scheme Targets

Target under the scheme shall be 5 lakh apprentices in 2016-17, 10 lakh apprentices in 2017-18, 15 lakh apprentices in 2018-2019 and 20 lakh apprentices in 2019-20. The engagement of fresher apprentices shall be 20% of total annual target.

Key features

Wider options for the apprentices- integration with other schemes

Courses under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)/ Modular Employable Skill (MES) under Skill Development Initiative (MES-SDI) or courses approved by State Governments/Central.

Government will be linked with apprenticeship training. These courses will be given the status of optional trades & the relevant practical content for On-the-Job training will be added by respective course approving authority.

Ease of Administering through technology

(i) Online portal would be used for administering the implementation of the Apprenticeship Training. It will address the requirements of all key stakeholders.

(ii) Portal will facilitate:

For Industry
  • On-line registration indicating their sector/trades of choice
  • Sending application to potential employers for apprenticeship training
  • Online receipt and acceptance of offer letters from establishments
  • Process all necessary contractual obligations online
  • Search and select Basic Training Provider (BTP) specific to sector, trades and region
For Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Training/State Apprenticeship Advisers
  • Review & approve contracts of apprenticeship
  • Monitor the implementation of apprenticeship training
  • Receipt and review of claims from employers
  • Online payment of 25% of prescribed stipend subject to a maximum of Rs. 1500/- per month per apprentice to the employers
  • Receipt and review of applications from BTP by RDATs
  • Receipt of Inspection report and approval of BTP by RDATs
  • Receipt and review of claims from BTP on-line.
  • Payment of cost of basic training to BTPs
For Basic Training Provider (BTP)
  • On-line registration
  • Declare basic training seats/vacancies
  • Search & shortlist candidates specific to sector, trades, region etc.
  • Provide basic training to apprentices who have been sponsored by a employer after execution of contract with apprentice
  • Placement of apprentices for on-the-job training with employer after basic training.
  • On-line submission of claims.

(iii) Portal will also facilitate for time bound approval of contract of apprenticeship, centralized database for compliance and monitoring, online verification of candidates profile, management of on-line examination for generation and issue of hall tickets.

Involvement of States/UTs

As per the Apprentices Act, monitoring of apprenticeship training in State Public Sector Undertakings and Private Sector Establishments is done by the respective State Governments.

Generally, it has been seen that State Governments do not play an active role in promoting apprenticeship training so it has been decided to involve the states in implementing the new scheme. State Apprenticeship Council will be entrusted to setup an Apprenticeship Cell in each State and their responsibilities will include monitoring the implementation of this scheme.

Promoters and facilitators for Apprenticeship Training

(i) Facilitators/Promoters in the system are essential for mobilizing the apprentices. Since this scheme involves multiple stakeholders, the role of facilitators becomes important. Facilitators can also create awareness among the employers which is generally lacking in our country. The facilitators can also play a major role in coordinating between basic training providers and the employers for on-the-job training.

Eligibility of Apprentice

An apprentice is a person who has made contract of apprenticeship with the employer for apprenticeship training under the Act.

Apprentices can be engaged from the following categories:

  • (i) Trainees passed out from ITI courses
  • (ii) Trainees under dual-learning mode from ITIs
  • (iii) Trainees who have completed PMKVY/MES -SDI courses or courses approved by State Governments/Central Government.
  • (iv) Graduates/diploma holders or pursuing graduation/ diploma in any stream or 10+2 vocational certificate holders (Apprentices who are not covered under NATS administered by MHRD)
  • (v) Candidates who possess minimum educational qualification required for a trade and have not undergone any formal trade training (Fresher apprentices)

Apprentice must fulfill the following:

  • He/she has completed 14 years of age and fulfills other requirements of the Apprentices Act, 1961.
  • Every apprentice has to register on the portal.
  • Every apprentice must have an Aadhaar number.
  • Must possess minimum age, educational and physical qualification prescribed for the trade

Number of apprentices mentioned at 8.2(v) above may be upto 20% of the target in a year.

Duration of Apprenticeship Training

Apprenticeship Training consists of Basic Training and On-the-Job-Training/Practical Training at the workplace in the industry. Duration of apprenticeship training for different routes for getting the financial benefits of the scheme will be as follows:

Routes apprenticeship training Duration Basic Training Duration Training/On-the-job- Training
Maximum Minimum Maximum
ITIs pass-outs Not required 1 year 2 years
Trainees who have completed PMKVY/ MES-SDI courses or courses approved by State Governments/ Central Government Not required 1 year 2 years
Graduates/ holders or pursuing diploma engineering medical or paramedical (Apprentices who not covered NATS administered MHRD) Not required 1 year 2 years
Graduates/ diploma holders / 10+2 vocational certificate holders or persons pursuing graduation/ diploma in Arts or Commerce or Science streams such as B.A., B.Sc., B.Com., L.L.B etc. Not required 1 year
Dual-learning mode from ITIs Not required 5 to 9 months
Fresher apprentices 3 months 1 year 2 years

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)


Transform rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce

The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) announced the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) Antyodaya Diwas, on 25th September 2014. DDU-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.

DDU-GKY is uniquely focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families. As a part of the Skill India campaign, it plays an instrumental role in supporting the social and economic programs of the government like the Make In India, Digital India, Smart Cities and Start-Up India, Stand-Up India campaigns. Over 180 million or 69% of the country’s youth population between the ages of 18 and 34 years, live in its rural areas. Of these, the bottom of the pyramid youth from poor families with no or marginal employment number about 55 million.

The National Policy for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship 2015 has identified a skills gap of 109.73 million in 24 key sectors by the year 2022. This number cannot be achieved without addressing the BoP 55 million from rural India. Also, a FICCI and Ernst – Young study published in 2013 identified a shortage of over 47 million skilled workers across the globe by 2020. This presents an unprecedented opportunity for India to train its BoP youth population and place them in jobs across the world and realize its demographic dividend.

DDU-GKY takes pride in its partners and their ability to add value. Innovation from partners is encouraged to build scale and capacity… its unique implementation structure involves partners, who are by nature, committed to changing lives and are experts in their areas, they form a part of the Skilling Ecosystem integrated by DDU-GKY. Partners are supported through investment, capacity building, strategies for retention, linkages to international placement and technology support for training purposes.

DDU-GKY is present in 21 States and UTs, across 568 districts, impacting youth from over 6,215 blocks. It currently has over 690 projects being implemented by over 300 partners, in more than 330 trades from 82 industry sectors. Over 2.7 Lakh candidates have been trained and over 1.34 Lakh candidates have been placed in jobs so in the course of the last financial year. From 2012, DDU-GKY has so far committed an investment of more than INR 5,600 Crores, impacting rural youth pan-India.

Key features of DDU-GKY

Multi-Partner Approach:

DDU-GKY is mindful that it must engage the support of multiple partners to ensure success and maximize on the investment made in time and resources. In order to energize and build mass support as well as create awareness amongst the rural youth, The DDU-GKY projects are market linked and implemented in PPP mode. The involvement and partnership between civil society organizations, Educational institutions, apex skill partners and regulating organizations, the Government and Private organizations, ensures that DDU-GKY can leverage on the strengths of all and achieve transformative change.

Curriculum framing and assessment support is through NCVT (National Council on Vocational Training) or SSCs (Sector Skills Councils). Industry partnerships allow access to new technology and on the job training. There are dedicated training hours for soft skills, spoken English and basic computers, in residential as well as non-residential well equipped campuses, with adequate technology as per industry standards. Our team makes unrelenting efforts to make sure that we can achieve a minimum placement of 70% of the project target of all trainees, through the support of our training partners and employer engagement. With a minimum recommended monthly salary of INR 6,000/- (varying based on training acquired).

Focus on sustainability:

Industry interactions have emphasised the need for training in soft skills, team working etc., as more important than domain skills, which they learn on the job. To ensure that candidates can perform in their work areas as well as assimilate into the organization and society, DDU-GKY has mandated a minimum of 160 hours of training in soft skills, function English and computer literacy. Additionally, a finishing module called Work Readiness training is suggested to ensure that trained candidates hit the ground running wherever they join.

A retention strategy is just as important to us and we have put in place mechanisms to track performance post placement, salary top-ups to candidates through DBT, incentives to training partners for achievement of outcomes in retention & progression and a framework for the establishment and operations of a migration support centre. Benefits to candidates are in the form of free training, free uniform, free course material, free lodging and board in case of residential programs, reimbursements of expenses in non-residential programs, post placement salary top-ups every month for 2-6 months depending on location of placement and placement for at least 70% of all trained with a minimum salary of Rs. 6,000/- per month (as cost to company).

Quality Assurance Framework:

Introducing predictability in government process by defining minimum service level benchmarks and standards, controls & audits, defaults and remedial actions to reduce Inspector Raj in an all pervasive quality assurance framework comprising of the Guidelines & Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). The high point of the framework is inclusion and self-regulation, with assigned role and responsibilities for Q-Teams within the PIAs.

Additionally, transparency and accountability is fostered through the end-to-end implementation of Public Financial Management System (PFMS) as the channel for fund disbursals and audits. This allows DDU-GKY to invest in capacity building of the private sector, front-loading 25% of the training costs so that PIAs are not constrained to invest in quality training centres.

Employing Technology in implementation:

We understand the global and local importance of exposure to technology, and how it not only unites us, but also makes providing training and the monitoring and implementation of projects seamless. DDU-GKY through its training partners has employed the following

  • A Geo-Tagged Time Stamped Biometric Attendance Record: similar to what the candidates will eventually find in most organizations. This serves a dual purpose of being a monitoring tool, and also it also making candidates familiar with modern technology.
  • Provision of a Tablet PC per candidate at the training centre. This enables candidates to learn at their own pace.
  • Presence of Computer Labs and e-Learning at Training Centres, to ensure that all candidates have access to a wider curricula and adequate learning opportunities. In addition, DDU-GKY as part of its management process and MIS requirements ensures that all Training partners invest in IT infrastructure and is working on a nation-wide network for sharing real-time performance data, meaningful graduate and financial information and creating a strong independent Placement Initiative.


What the Scheme Is all about?

  • Well, SAMARTH- Scheme for capacity building in Textile Sector, got launched by the Ministry of Textiles for the training and employability of the youth in the booming textile sector of India.
  • It has been envisaged to provide skill development training to around 10 lakh youth(9 lakh in the organised and 1 lakh in the traditional textile sector)over a period of 3 years(2017-2020) with an outlay of 1300 crore Rupees, so as to achieve the governments vision of increasing India’s textile export to 300 billion USD by 2025.
  • This scheme was approved by the CCEA on 20th December,2017 and got launched under the leadership of Shree Narendra Modi.


  • To Train 10 lakh youth pan India for the textile sector over a duration of 3 years i.e(2017-2020)
  • A sum of 1300 Crore Rupees have been allotted for it.
  • Ministry of Textiles is the Nodal Agency.
  • Training courses to be compliant with the National Skill Qualification Framework(NSQF).
  • Textile Committee to work as Resource Support Agency(RSE)
  • To use Biometric identification process for the selection of the candidates for the training purposes,thus AADHAAR is mandatorily required.
  • To provide real time attendance system to be integrated with the centralized Management Information System(MIS).
  • It covers the entire value chain of textiles,except the spinning and weaving industry.
  • To achieve the Government Of India’s target of increasing India’s export target of 300 billion USD by the year 2025.
  • To ensure 70% placement, on the successful completion of the scheme in the textile and allied sectors.
  • Training to be funded by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship(MSDE).
  • RSE-Resource Support Agency, has been entrusted with the development of the course content, specifying the training centres infrastructural requirements, standardizing the admission assessment certification and accreditation processes.
  • Textile committee also needs to train and conduct regular assessment tests for their trainers.